A spokesman for the commerce ministry described the latest round of US tariffs as "very unreasonable".
Trump's mission to reduce the U.S. trade deficit via the threat of tariffs has brought him into conflict with China as well as United States allies, roiling financial markets and raising fears of a global trade war the International Monetary Fund has warned may undermine the strongest economic upswing in years.
China fired back warning it would impose duties on $60 billion in U.S. goods. Still, disagreements between the two major economic powers run deeper than just the trade balance and tensions remain over market access, intellectual property, technology transfer and investment.
The trade representative said the tariffs were a response to an investigation, released this year, which found China's policies on technology transfer, intellectual property and innovation were unreasonable and discriminatory, and placed an unfair burden USA commerce.
Beijing has announced plans to retaliate immediately against the latest round of USA tariffs on Chinese imports by slapping a wide range of American products, worth $16 billion, with a 25 percent levy.
Although the move was expected, it solidifies the view that there appears to be no effort underway to defuse the dispute between the world's two largest economies.
His administration confirmed that its trade assault would soon cover more than $50 billion of products from China.
Mr. Trump has continued to portray tariffs on foreign imports as good for the country, even as many Republicans and traditionally right-of-center groups preach their ills.
The government has responded by releasing more liquidity into the banking system, encouraging lending and promising a more "active" fiscal policy.
On July 6, the US began taxing the 818 goods, worth $34 billion, remaining from the April list.
In July the surplus with the United States was at $28.09 billion, down a touch from $28.93 billion in June, according to Reuters calculations based on customs data released on Wednesday.
In the meantime, it sought public comment on the new items. This is the second tranche of such tariffs and comes into effect on August 23.
"Although this may for a moment bring preening with delight, it will make it hard to resolve economic imbalances or out of kilter politics and other deep-rooted problems".
Chinese state media, reflecting the government's stance, has said China will not be cowed in the face of US threats. But it held off on a final $16 billion as a result of concerns raised by USA companies.
John Neuffer, president and CEO of the Semiconductor Industry Association, said in a statement they were disappointed and puzzled why semiconductors remain on the final tariff list.