An excellent spin attack led by Rashid Khan is a reason for Afghanistan's confidence.
"It's a very proud moment", Stanikzai said at the toss.
Afghanistan will become only the 12th test nation when they face India, the world's top-ranked side.
"I congratulate the people of Afghanistan as their cricket team plays their first global test match".
They gained one-day global status in 2009 and have qualified for their second 50-over World Cup to be held in England and Wales next year.
With his sublime ton, Dhawan took India to a comfortable 158 for no loss at lunch on the opening day of the one-off Test at M Chinnaswamy Stadium. Not many people knew Afghanistan played cricket.
But the Afghans can give heavyweights India a tough time if they follow the footsteps of the other team to make their Test debut this year: last month, Ireland made Pakistan sweat before eventually losing their first-ever Test.
Hailing the feat achieved by Afghanistan, Modi said it had come in "challenging and difficult" circumstances.
Conflict has scarred virtually every member of the team and they are impoverished compared with their opponents, the world s wealthiest cricket nation.
India have also left out Kuldeep Yadav in favour of the extra fast bowler, which means Umesh Yadav (currently on 99 Test wickets) will play alongside Ishant Sharma and Hardik Pandya. "You see the batsmen, bowlers are all in good form".
While majority of the sports fans, in soul and spirit, will be in Russian Federation enjoying the surreal skills of Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo, the eternal cricket romantic will try to derive his little pleasures of life watching Rashid Khan trying to hurry Shikhar Dhawan with a flipper or bowl a googly to Ajinkya Rahane. At the same time, we will not be taking them lightly.
The hapless bowlers struggled during the first two sessions as they were not able to hit the correct "Test match length", especially the spinners, who are used to bowling flat and quick. If Afghanistan are to challenge the hosts they will need to learn with each hour of the game.
Karthik said that value of experience can never be undermined, a testimony is a whopping 476 Test wickets between Ravichandran Ashwin (311) and Ravindra Jadeja (165 wickets).
Dhawan looked in sublime touch right from the start, punishing the pace duo of Yamin Ahmadzai and Wafadar for glorious boundaries before sending his Sunrisers Hyderabad teammate Rashid Khan to the cleaners.