The ministry also revoked its agreement on opening and operation of the UK Consulate General in the Russian city of St. Petersburg, according to the statement.
In his first comments on the incident, Putin referred to the poisoning of ex-spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter as a "tragedy", but added that if the British claim that they were poisoned by the Soviet-designed nerve agent were true, the victims would have been killed instantly.
London has asked Moscow to explain the use of a military-grade nerve agent for the poisoning in England of Skripal and his daughter and United Kingdom police and the Security Service (MI5) said that they were pursuing 14 suspicious death cases that may lead to the Russian government.
Johnson said the government was considering something similar to the US "Magnitsky Act" which was adopted in 2012 to punish Russian officials accused of human rights violations.
Relations between London and Moscow have crashed to a post-Cold War low after an attack on an ex-Russian spy, the first known offensive use of a nerve agent in Europe since World War Two.
When asked by Sky News whether Russia had destroyed all its chemical weapons in line with the internationally recognised Chemical Weapons Convention, Russian diplomat, Alexander Shulgin said: "Absolutely".
Russian Federation insists it had no motive to target Skripal with what Britain says was a highly-potent nerve agent called Novichok, in the first such attack in Europe since World War II.
Opposition lawmakers are calling on the British government to clamp down on the illicitly gained money of wealthy Russians in Britain.
Speaking to the Russian state-funded RT television network, the ambassador denounced Britain's decision to expel 23 diplomats as "unacceptable and unjustified".
London's Metropolitan police counter-terrorism command has said there is no suggestion that Glushkov's death is connected to the poisoning attack, but that they are investigating because "of associations Mr Glushkov is believed to have had".
Russia has notified London of the retaliatory measures in relation with the so-called 'Skripal case, ' British Ambassador to Russia Laurie Bristow confirmed on Saturday after being summoned to the foreign ministry.
She told a forum of her Conservative Party that Britain had "anticipated a response of this kind" and that it "will consider our next steps in the coming days, alongside our allies and partners".
She said Britain is taking a tough line because of frustration at recent advances of Russian-backed Syrian government forces against Western-backed rebels.
British police appealed Saturday for witnesses who can help investigators reconstruct the Skripals' movements in the crucial hours before they were found unconscious.
The representatives of Russia's Foreign Ministry added that the British Council is not anymore functioning in Russian Federation.
"It's a great shame for the Russian people that they're closing the British Council, which has done an very bad lot to educate Russian people in English language and help them get jobs and opportunities around the world", he added.