The data also revealed that Israel, which has never denied or confirmed having nuclear weapons, has 80 warheads in its nuclear arsenal and North Korea was predicted to have at least 20 of the weapons of mass destruction.
"Our long-term aim must continue to be a world without nuclear weapons", Gabriel said - the stated aim of USA nuclear policy under Barack Obama.
"These policy changes seem preparatory to withdrawing from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty of 1987".
In a statement, the ministry expressed hope that the United States would "abandon a Cold War mentality" and "shoulder its special and prior responsibility for its own nuclear disarmament". The document will serve as a comprehensive guideline for USA nuclear strategy over the next five to 10 years.
When the Obama administration did its own reset of the strategy in 2010, it argued the world could be made safer if the US reduced the role of nuclear weapons in defence strategy.
It is essential to promote realistic nuclear disarmament through efforts to ease tensions among the United States, Russia and others, and through an improvement in the security environment.
The United States and Russian Federation are pledging to abide by a treaty limiting strategic nuclear weapons, which took effect Monday, but foreign leaders and experts fear a new arms race may be looming. In a statement Monday, its Foreign Ministry called the review's assertions frightening, "utterly hypocritical" and risky.
Historically a close USA ally and key North Atlantic Treaty Organisation member, nuclear weapons were a divisive issue in Germany's cold war politics.
It took aim at the Pentagon's proposal to develop a nuclear cruise missile that could be launched from a ship or submarine.
"That is a proposal that is very clearly created to look like an arms control proposal, but to guarantee that it won't be accepted", Acton said.
While the document underscored the administration's concerns about North Korea, Iran and China, the focus fell largely on Russian Federation.
But instead of developing new weapons, Germany's top diplomat called for "existing arms control treaties to be upheld unconditionally". It's also rebuilding its own nuclear arsenal, the Times noted, in defiance of a number of treaties. The U.S. reported it has been in compliance with the limits since August.
"Motives behind this document are quite obvious: the USA military seek to justify the sum of 1.2 trillion United States dollars they request from the Congress in the next 30 years to modernize and develop their reduced nuclear arsenals", Lieutenant General Yevgeny Buzhinsky, a former chief of the Russian defense ministry's worldwide military cooperation directorate, told TASS.
Joan Rohlfing, president and chief operating officer of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, said putting tactic and strategic nuclear weapons on the same platform, such as a strategic submarine, may easily lead to miscalculations.