Poland's president, Andrzej Duda, has ratified controversial law, defying criticism from United States, Israel, and a large number of worldwide scholars who believe that norm opens door dangerously to denial.
The bill proposed by Poland's ruling conservative Law and Justice Party calls for fines and prison sentences of up to three years for purposely trying to attribute the crimes Nazi Germany carried out during the almost six-year occupation to the Polish nation as a whole.
"We are also concerned about the repercussions this draft legislation, if enacted, could have on Poland's strategic interests and relationships - including with the United States and Israel", U.S. State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert said on January 31. Some people in Poland believe that the narrative focusing on the Holocaust as a tragedy of the Jewish people sidelines the non-Jewish victims.
The son of a Holocaust survivor and Polish history professor Jan Grabowski said, "The Germans were able to mobilize segments of the Polish society to take part in their plan to hunt down the Jews and help them carry out their Final Solution". However, following global scandal unleashed by new law, which punishes among or things use of term "Polish concentration camps" to refer to centers of extermination of Jews that Nazis built in occupied Poland, doubt has Wanted to leave open a small loophole in some changes and has stated that, although after signing law, ask Constitutional Court some clarifications.
More than three million of Poland's 3.2 million Jews were murdered by the Nazis, accounting for about half of the Jews killed in the Holocaust.
Jan Grabowski, a historian at the University of Ottawa in Canada who studies Polish violence against Jews during the war, called Duda's signing of the law "further proof that the nationalists now in power in Poland will do anything to cater to the hard, right-wing core of their electorate".
Duda's top foreign policy adviser Krzysztof Szczerski told public television TVP that the law should be sent to the Constitutional Tribunal within a week.
The attitudes towards Israel are constantly improving in Poland and many young people have ahistorical but positive associations with Israel.
Last week, Bennett said that "the past can not be rewritten - the Polish people had a proven role in the murder of Jews during the Holocaust".
But Poland also had its own anti-Semitic movements before the war - including government officials exploring ways to deport them from the country - and several anti-Jewish riots broke out as the Nazis conquered Polish territory.
Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki has described the tensions as a "temporary weakening of relations with Israel and the USA" but added that he hoped for an improvement soon after Poland explained its position. "The existence of certain collaborators does not change anything", Gabriel said. Calling the German death camps "Polish Death Camps" is definitely a historically problematic term.
"The blood of Polish Jews cries from the ground, and no law will silence it", Bennett later said in a statement.
According to figures from the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Nazis also killed at least 1.9 million non-Jewish Polish civilians.