In another first among operators of the biggest cloud platforms, the company will fund the construction of one of these cables entirely on its own.
Google will commission the work. "Also, once the cable is deployed, we can make routing decisions that optimise for latency and availability", said Treynor.
The other two cables are owned by consortiums, which Google as a member. Havfrue, a consortium cable with Facebook, Aqua Comms and Bulk Infrastructure, will run the USA to Denmark and Ireland, coming online in late 2019. Google is working with Facebook, Aqua Comms and Bulk Infrastructure to deploy the cable, which is being built by undersea communications technology vendor TE SubCom.
The subsea cables will run across different routes. These new regions will come online beginning later this year, while the undersea cables will all launch in 2019.
Each of the subsea cables have been given their own name: Curie is a private cable connecting Chile to Los Angeles; Havfrue is a consortium cable connecting the United States to Denmark and Ireland; and the Hong Kong-Guam cable system (HK-G) is another consortium cable that will link major underwater communicaton hubs in Asia. Google is partnering to build this one with RTI-C and NEC to improve its coverage in the Pacific region.
Google is investing $30 billion in three new subsea cables and five new regions as it looks to boost the spread and reliability of its cloud services. The company also leases capacity on multiple other submarine cables as well. "From datacentres to subsea cables, Google is committed to connecting the world and serving our cloud customers", he said.
"We'll open our Netherlands and Montreal regions in the first quarter of 2018, followed by Los Angeles, Finland, and Hong Kong - with more to come", he said.
Those who live in these regions, according to Google, should be excited. The company maintains a point of presence at over 100 locations worldwide. A third, simply known as the "Hong Kong-Guam" cable, will be built with the help of telecom companies and connect, you guessed it, Hong Kong and Guam.