The U.N. Security Council is set to vote on new sanctions for North Korea after the country test-fired a missile it claims can strike the whole US mainland.
A week after U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson called out Russian Federation and China for their support of Kim Jong Un's regime, the 15-member Security Council passed its fourth resolution against Pyongyang in 13 months on Friday.
The new resolution seeks to ban almost 90% of refined petroleum products exported to North Korea, capping them to only 500,000 barrels per year and as an added change in the demands, the diplomats demand the repatriation of North Koreans working overseas within 24 months instead of the 12 months proposed originally.
The U.S. -drafted resolution would also cap crude oil supplies to North Korea at 4 million barrels a year.
President Donald Trump has threatened to "totally destroy" North Korea if it attacks the United States while North Korea insists the world must now accept that it is a nuclear power.
"We believe maximum pressure today is our best lever to a political and diplomatic solution tomorrow".
The comment comes as tensions have increased over North Korea's nuclear program following its latest test of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) on November 29th.
Ahead of the council meeting, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said a unanimous vote would be important to send a clear message to Pyongyang that it must abandon its ambition to develop nuclear weapons.
Specifically, the new resolution cuts deliveries of products including diesel and kerosene by nearly 90 percent, to the equivalent of 500,000 barrels per year starting January 1.
Experts, such as NK News columnist Peter Ward, say that the sanctions can cripple North Korea's economy. It also banned all textile exports and prohibited any country from authorizing new work permits for North Korean workers - two key sources of hard currency for the northeast Asian nation.
Washington has been imposing sanctions on the country since 2008, banning the export of goods and services to the country, with little effect. China is also being called upon by the United States to limit its oil supply sent to its neighbor and ally.