Saudi Arabia also celebrated booking their spot at Russian Federation 2018, but South Korean supporters appeared unconvinced after a 0-0 draw with Uzbekistan took their team to a ninth straight World Cup.
The Taeguk Warriors, with just one win in their last five qualifiers, could manage only a goalless draw at home to 10-man Iran last week to leave their qualification hopes in the balance.
Iran, which clinched qualification for the World Cup in June, is a regional political ally of Syria that has provided crucial political and military support to shore up Syrian President Bashar Assad's forces in the war.
Elsewhere in Asia South Korea's goalless drawn with Uzbekistan saw them claim second place and automatic qualification for Russian Federation.
Earlier in the day the Socceroos beat Thailand 2-1 in Melbourne with QPR midfielder Luongo an unused substitute.
Coach Ange Postecoglou, who led Australia to the Asian Cup title in 2015, brushed off questions about his future while admitting he was "not everyone's cup of tea".
"I didn't have any malicious intention when I said it", said Kim. "I can see that Asian football is getting stronger". The last time these two teams met, South Korea did get the 2-1 win at home and with a much more talented squad The Reds should pick up the three points from the game.
Divided by war and challenged by pressure surrounding their home nation, Syrian players will give their best to join the nations already confirmed as World Cup participants.
The national team will play against Iran in Tehran on Tuesday. South Korea endured a misfiring campaign which included surprise losses to Qatar and China. This could mean Syria will be pitted against the United States as the final and quite a symbolic hurdle standing between them and the World Cup.
South Korea's fans, however, feared the worst.
Another called the performance against Uzbekistan lacklustre, adding that while watching they felt "as stuffy as if I had 100 sweet potatoes at one sitting without washing them down with water".
Syria will now play either Saudi Arabia or Australia for the chance to face a team from the CONCACAF region for a place in the 2018 World Cup.